top of page
Image by Sonny Sixteen

Sustainability Resources

These resources include information about environmentally sustainable health care practices, including appropriate medication use and management of pharmaceutical waste at the individual, organizational, and health system levels. 

Decarbonization of Health Care

Global Road Map for Health Care Decarbonization 

“A navigational tool for achieving zero emissions with climate resilience and health equity”,  published by Health Care Without Harm 

Health Care’s Climate Footprint 

A report by Health Care Without Harm: “How the health sector contributes to the global climate  crisis and opportunities for action” 


Bettington E, Spinks J, Kelly F, Gallard-Godoy A, Nghiem S, Wheeler AJ. When is a medicine unwanted, how is it disposed, and how might safe disposal be promoted? Insights from the Australian population. Aust Health Rev. 2017;42(6): 709-717.  

Bettington E, Spinks J, Kelly F, Wheeler AJ. Returning unwanted medicines to pharmacies: prescribing to reduce waste. Aust Prescr. 2018;41:78-81.  


Cook SM, vanDuinen BJ, Love NG, Skerlos SJ. Life Cycle Comparison of Environmental Emissions from Three Disposal Options for Unused Pharmaceuticals. Environ Sci Technol. 2012; 46(10): 5535-5541. 

Daughton CG. Eco-directed sustainable prescribing: feasibility for reducing water contamination by drugs. Science of The Total Environment. 2014; 493(15): 392-404. 

Khan U, Bloom RA, Nicell JA, Laurenson JP. Risks associated with the environmental release of pharmaceuticals on the U.S. Food and Drug Administration "flush list". Sci Total Environ. 2017 Dec 31;609:1023-1040. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.05.269. Epub 2017 Aug 2. PMID: 28787777. 

Lakatos K, Teherani A, Thottathil SE, Ghandi S, Weiser SD, Brindis CD. A race to net zero- early lessons from healthcare's decarbonization marathon. Health Affairs Scholar. 2023 July; 1(1): 1-10.


Law AV, Sakharkar P, Zargarzadeh A, et al. Taking stock of medication wastage: Unused medications in US households. Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy. 2015; 11(4): 571-578. 


McAlister S, Ou Y, Neff E, Hapgood K, Story D, Mealey P, McGain F. The Environmental footprint of morphine: a life cycle assessment from opium poppy farming to the packaged drug. BMJ Open. 2016;6: e013302. doi:10.1136/ bmjopen-2016-013302  


Singleton JA, Lau ETL, Nissen LM. Waiter, there is a drug in my soup - using Leximancer® to explore antecedents to pro-environmental behaviours in the hospital pharmacy workplace. Int J Pharm Pract. 2018;26(4):341-50.

Wilkinson AJK, Braggins R, Steinbach I, Smith J. Costs of switching to low global warming potential inhalers: an economic and carbon footprint analysis of NHS prescription data in England. BMJ Open. 2019;9(10): e28763

RemediChain Platform 

Connects vulnerable pts with unused medications in the United States


Matthew 25 Ministries Pill Bottle Donations 

Collect and re-uses or recycles empty pill bottles in the United States 


Return Unwanted Medicines (The RUM Project) 

Australian program administered via community pharmacies 


Return Your Opioids 

Resource kit published by the Australian Therapeutic Goods Administration 

Programs & Toolkits

bottom of page